Organisations face a constant challenge to do more for less in order to survive or to maintain their competitive advantage. That may lead to redundancy or outsourcing. Both can be complex and difficult areas. If you are downsizing, then redundancy requires careful handling to avoid costly and time consuming claims. TUPE remains a challenge to anyone considering outsourcing: the case law is complex and in the public sector pensions are a further complicating factor. Then there is the impact of redundancy on employees, which can be especially difficult for those who may not have had to compete in the job market for many years.